Frankfurt National Assembly :: Assembly

Frankfurt National Assembly

Frankfurt National Assembly of
formally German National Assembly, German Frankfurter Nationalversammlung or Deutsche Nationalversammlung, German national parliament (May 1848–June 1849) that tried and failed to create a united German state during the liberal Revolutions of 1848.

A preliminary parliament (Vorparlament) met in Frankfurt am Main in March 1848 at the instigation of liberal leaders from all the German states (including Austria), and it called for the election of a national assembly (Nationalversammlung). The elections were duly held, though the electoral laws and methods varied considerably from state to state, and on May 18 the national assembly met in the Church of St. Paul (Paulskirche) in Frankfurt. Moderate liberals held a majority in the assembly, though the entire political spectrum was represented among its deputies. The liberal Heinrich von Gagern was elected president of the parliament.

The Frankfurt National Assembly spent much time debating various plans for a unified Germany, but it also had to decide on immediate practical problems, such as the nature of the executive power and Germany’s territorial extent. Archduke John of Austria, a comparatively liberal uncle of the Austrian emperor Ferdinand, was appointed regent of Germany and head of the assembly’s (putative) executive power on June 29. Yet it soon became clear that the executive appointed by the assembly had no power except such as was granted to it by the governments of the individual states. The Frankfurt National Assembly attempted to take over the conduct of a war with Denmark concerning the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, but Prussia, ignoring the assembly, abruptly concluded the war in August. By this time, Prussia’s Frederick William IV had lost all patience with the liberals and had turned increasingly toward ultraconservative advisers. In Austria the emperor Ferdinand had abdicated in favour of his nephew Francis Joseph, who likewise relied on conservative ministers.

The Frankfurt National Assembly was finally able to adopt a proposed constitution for Germany on March 28, 1849. This document provided for universal suffrage, parliamentary government, and a hereditary emperor. Germany was to have a unified monetary and customs system but would maintain the internal autonomy of the constituent German states.

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Prints Online Photo Jigsaw Puzzle Of National Assembly
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  • Photo Jigsaw Puzzle You Are Purchasing A Photo Puzzle. Estimated image size 356x254mm
  • 10x14 Photo Puzzle with 252 pieces. Packed in black cardboard box of dimensions 5 5/8 x 7 5/8 x 1 1/5. Puzzle artwork 5x7 affixed to box top. Puzzle pieces printed...
  • Artwork Description NATIONAL ASSEMBLY Impassioned oratory at an excited session of the National Assembly. .
  • Artwork chosen by Prints Online. (c) Mary Evans Picture Library 2007
  • For any queries regarding this artwork please contact Prints Online quoting Reference 586404
Prints Online Framed Artwork Of National Assembly
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  • FRAMED ARTWORK You are purchasing a 32x22 inch (81x56 cm) Framed Artwork. Estimated image size 499x408mm
  • Black Satin with White Digital Mat 32x22 inch (813x559 mm) wooden frame with digital mat and RA4 print. Finished back including brown backing paper, hanging bracket...
  • Artwork Description NATIONAL ASSEMBLY Impassioned oratory at an excited session of the National Assembly. .
  • Artwork chosen by Prints Online. (c) Mary Evans Picture Library 2007
  • For any queries regarding this artwork please contact Prints Online quoting Reference 586404
Prints Online Photo Mug Of National Assembly
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  • PHOTO MUG You are purchasing a Photo Mug. Estimated image size 98x80mm
  • 11oz White ceramic coffee mug. Artwork printed using sublimation ink process. Microwave, dishwasher safe
  • Artwork Description NATIONAL ASSEMBLY Impassioned oratory at an excited session of the National Assembly. .
  • Artwork chosen by Prints Online. (c) Mary Evans Picture Library 2007
  • For any queries regarding this artwork please contact Prints Online quoting Reference 586404
Prints Online Photographic Print Of National Assembly
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  • PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT You are purchasing a 30x20 inch (76x51cm) Print. Estimated image size 622x508mm
  • High quality RA4 prints. Printed on Kodak Endura and Edge papers. Size refers to paper used. White margins may be used to compensate for any difference with the...
  • Artwork Description NATIONAL ASSEMBLY Impassioned oratory at an excited session of the National Assembly. .
  • Artwork chosen by Prints Online. (c) Mary Evans Picture Library 2007
  • For any queries regarding this artwork please contact Prints Online quoting Reference 586404

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